Thinking of buying a used or second-hand 4WD? Here’s what you need to know, and our top 7 tips.
Know what you need
What 4WD you buy depends on what you need it to do. Will you be going exclusively off-road in a 4WD or AWD, or doing some city driving as well in an AWD Crossover, or sticking to city driving in a “Soft Roader”? Then you have even more choices to make:
- Auto or manual?
- Petrol or diesel?
- Coil springs (for comfort) or leaf packs (for carrying heavy loads)?
Look it up
Research how much models of the type you’re looking at cost for new and second-hand. Take a look at used car sites like carsales.com to see how the price changes with the number of kilometres on the odometer. Read a bunch of reviews of the models you’re considering to find out if it has common problems that 4×4 drivers have experienced. When you’re going off-road, transmission and steering are common things to go, so you really need a model that’s strong in those areas.
Check out that body
Look at the car in broad daylight, not in the evening, so you can see any signs of damage. Look for frame buckling from an accident. The saddle of the car should be bolted, not welded. Check the bumper for cracks. Minor scratches in paint work aren’t a problem but you should use that evidence of hard work to lower the price on the beast.
If the seller is telling you his bush-basher has only ever been driven on city roads, check underneath for signs of scratching. Also, check the exhaust carefully for any leaks from cracks, scratches, or driving the truck through water. You want something that really has been taken care of, not something that’s already taken a beating from the elements.
A truck with lots of mods (modifications) usually has those mods because the owner needed them for some serious off-road driving. Ask for warranties and installation receipts for all mods and avoid trucks that show lots of DIY work.
Under the hood
Check under the bonnet for signs that the truck is already wearing out from a hard life:
- Leaks from engine components, transmission, or brakes are obviously bad news.
- Under the oil filter cap, look for black sludge (a tired engine), milky residue (cooling problems), or foamy residue (leaking head gasket).
- Brown or grimy coolant will also indicate insufficient servicing or a leaking head gasket.
- Cracking, drying, rusting parts of the engine.
Take it out for a spin
Test driving a 4WD both on- and off-road it is the best way to get a feel for anything not quite right with the vehicle. Do this first thing in the morning, before the engine’s had time to “warm up” and “work out” its kinks. Look and listen out for:
- Difficult starting, excess smoke
- Warning lights on the dash
- Strange noises, clunking or rattling from the engine in idle (You won’t hear these as well once the engine heats up.)
- Transmission changes cold and at different revs while driving
- Parking hand brake doesn’t prevent car from moving
- Engine overheating while driving
- Clunking, knocking or thumping from drive shafts and joints while driving
- Exhaust smoke when you accelerate hard
- Leaking after the drive
Read the log book
Has the car been serviced regularly? Or only when something broke down? It’s not worth your time or money to buy something that hasn’t been serviced regularly, because you’ll just end up replacing and repairing the parts that wear down prematurely.
The safety inspection
It might sound obvious, but a safety inspection will pick up far more than you can in a few minutes of kicking tyres and staring under the bonnet.