Sweating over which type of air conditioner you should buy? Well, it may be worth browsing through the large range of split system air cons. This type of model continues to be popular among Australian consumers for several reasons, namely for its efficiency, quiet operation, and year-round cooling and heating. To help you keep a cool head, we take a look at what exactly a split system air conditioner is and whether it’s the best option for your home.
A split system air conditioner is a type of refrigerant air conditioning unit, meaning it channels a liquid refrigerant through the system in order to cool the air (and vice versa when used to heat a space). It comes in two separate parts – an indoor unit and an outdoor compressor unit.
The indoor unit is what you see inside the home. It’s the part that distributes the cool (or warm) air throughout the room. It features a heat exchange coil, filters, remote signal receiver and fan. Meanwhile, the outdoor unit is attached externally and is responsible for directing the refrigerant to and from the indoor unit. Split system air conditioners are available as either a cooling-only or reverse cycle unit, and can be mounted to the wall or used as a floor-standing model.
Reverse cycle air conditioners and some split system air conditioners can both heat and cool a room, which can potentially help you save on both upfront and long-term running costs (that is, when compared to buying separate cool-only and heat-only appliances). A reverse cycle air conditioner refers to a type of air conditioning system, such as window air cons or split system air cons, that can ‘reverse’ the motions the model usually goes through to cool a space, to alternatively warm a room once switched to heating mode.
An inverter is an energy-saving feature that controls the speed of the motor inside the air conditioner. This essentially allows the appliance to change temperature, without having to turn the motor on and off beforehand. Inverter air conditioners instead adjust the motor speed, ultimately minimising the amount of energy needed to produce warmer or cooler air. Not all split system air conditioners have an inverter, similar to how not all air conditioning units have a reverse cycle function.
Compared to air conditioners without an inverter, inverter air conditioners are typically said to be more efficient and better at maintaining a steady temperature. Although many split system air conditioners now come with inverter technology.
Split systems may be one of the more popular types of air conditioners, but that doesn’t mean they’re right for everybody. A split system air conditioner might be worth considering if:
One of the benefits of split system air conditioning is flexibility because you can cool multiple rooms at the same time. However, the obvious downside of this is that the system will become more expensive with every additional room you want to cool. The other thing to note is that a split system allows you to use different capacity units for specific rooms. So, you could install a relatively low-capacity unit (i.e. 2kW) in a small bedroom and a more powerful air conditioner for large shared spaces such as living rooms. The ability to pick and mix units based on the needs of individual rooms is another benefit of split system air conditioners.
In order to calculate the output you’ll require for different rooms, use an online calculator such as this one from FairAir.
The upfront price of an air conditioner isn’t the only factor to consider when finding the best split system model for your home. Here are a few features to think about.
If you live with someone who suffers from asthma or allergies, then purchasing an air conditioner that’s approved by the Sensitive Choice program could be the way to go. Regardless, most air conditioners boast effective filtration systems, including HEPA filters designed to eliminate bacteria and extract dust.
Want your unit to turn off after you’ve gone to sleep? Easy! Need your house crisp and cool upon your return from work? Ask and it shall be done. Most split system models nowadays feature timers which you can set manually or with smart connectivity, so you can switch them on and off remotely – perfect for the days when you forget to turn the air con off before leaving the house.
While you can of course use our website to compare air conditioner brands, models and features, it’s also in your best interest to track down your preferred unit on the government’s Energy Ratings website to see what energy star rating your model achieved for both cooling and heating. This website also has a calculator to determine the running costs of your chosen air conditioner over time. Remember, the initial outlay may set you back a few, but it’s the cost of running your air conditioner over time that can cost you big bucks! And as we mentioned, an inefficient unit can end up chewing through a whole lot of energy, so it’s worth finding one with a decent energy efficiency rating.
If the answer is yes, that’s where reverse cycle air conditioners come in – they heat and cool. If you live in a cooler climate, or just find yourself getting shivery in winter, keep this in mind. A reverse cycle unit will generally be more expensive to buy, but it may be a price worth paying if you like keeping toasty in winter.
If you’ve read this review and declared: “Awesome, I’m going to go out and buy a split system air conditioner now,” then that’s great, but first consider some of the drawbacks when it comes to split system air conditioning.
The positives are obvious. If you’re in dire need of efficient cooling, a split system is a viable, fuss-free way to do so. You likely do not need to renovate your home or knock down anything to install a split system, unlike window/wall air conditioners. They are also usually more powerful than portable air conditioners. Furthermore, they’re fairly quiet to operate because the condenser is separate from the unit inside. Some models additionally come with a dehumidifying function, adding another useful feature to the list.
On the other hand, there are a couple of major drawbacks when it comes to split systems. Compared to the window air conditioner types, split systems can be more expensive to purchase. Additionally, many split system units are not merely ‘plug and play’; rather they require installation by a licensed technician. This can add to waiting times and drive up the overall costs of your unit. Another drawback is the fact they are not suitable for all homes or rooms. If you live in an open plan house or multi-storey apartment, you may find it difficult to find an optimal position for the split system; this also leads to the fact that split systems work best in rooms, rather than open spaces. Split system air conditioners are a great investment, but not without their drawbacks. So, let’s review the main pros and cons here:
|Efficient cooling and heating||Not ideal for open plan homes or multi-storey apartments|
|Quiet operation||Outside condenser can still be noisy|
|Minimal changes to home when installing||No DIY installation, technician wait times and costs add to overall price|
|Often cheaper than ducting air con units||Often more expensive than window units|
|Cheaper to run than ducted systems||A strained or inefficient split system can still be expensive to run|
There are many things to consider when buying a split system air conditioner, or really any type of air con. Initial upfront and installation costs are likely the first concern on your agenda, and unit location, as well as running costs, are likely to shortly follow. It’s also important when considering the purchase to consider other types of air conditioning as well. Could they do the job, too? If the concept of buying a split system seems daunting, we’ve listed a few models below to help you on your search.
If you’re shopping for a budget-friendly appliance, there’s a good chance you’ve seen the Haier name float around. Its 2.6kW Tundra split system air conditioner (AS26TB4HRA1U26MA4ER) is one of the most affordable options and offers a three-star energy efficiency rating for cooling and four stars for heating. Some of the features include Haier’s Intelligent Air technology, stated to distribute airflow evenly throughout the room, and inverter technology to adjust temperature control and improve energy efficiency.
This Rinnai Q Series reverse split system air conditioner (HSNRq25B) boasts a high five-star energy efficiency rating for both cooling and heating, plus the usual features you would expect from a basic unit. Some of these include inverter technology, adjustable airflow direction, and a boost/turbo mode. The same model is available in more powerful capacities to suit larger rooms, including 3.5kW, 5kW, 7kW and 8kW. But keep in mind that air conditioners typically become less efficient with capacity increases.
Many brands now include HEPA filters and other types of filtration to improve the quality of the air that flows from the air conditioning unit. This Kelvinator split system air conditioner (KSD25HWJ), for example, contains three filters to filter out dust and remove bacteria. It also syncs to the Kelvinator Home Comfort app, which lets you control settings straight from your smartphone.
*Prices are taken from Appliances Online, correct as of March 2021.
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